New Ontario Law Relating to Slip and Falls - Diamond and Diamond

New Ontario Law Relating to Slip and Falls

Unsafe circumstances or hazards causing a slip and fall accident are sometimes the results of property owner negligence. You can be held liable for accidents that happen within your owned or rented property, such as stairs, walkways, and driveways. 

In Ontario, slip and fall accidents can happen in any season. In the winter, the most common cause is icy or snowy walkways and sidewalks. In the summer, falls can result from various unsafe conditions, particularly from wet surfaces or spills, debris, and uneven walking surfaces. 

Occupiers’ Liability Amendment Act in Ontario

The Ontario provincial legislature passed the Occupiers’ Liability Amendment Act or Bill 188 on December 3, 2020. It took effect in January 2021 after receiving royal assent from Ontario’s Lieutenant Governor. 

The new law requires slip and fall claimants to provide written notice to a property owner, property manager, snow removal contractor, or tenant within 60 days of the incident. The previous period was two years. 

The written notice must also include the location, date, and time of the incident. For a slip and fall on municipal property, you must provide the city with written notice of the fall, the time, the date, and the location within ten days of the incident by service on the City Clerk or by registered mail. Neither timeline applies if the fall results in death. 

Occupiers’ Liability Act

Anyone who has control over a property and its use, including owners, tenants, or manager of activities on the property, is considered an ‘occupier’ of the property. 

The owner/occupier can be found negligent if they are found not taking due care for people’s safety. They can be held responsible if someone is injured as a result of these unsafe conditions. 

If there are temporary unsafe circumstances on a property, such as areas under repair, these must be clearly identified so that visitors are properly warned of the hazard. 

Injuries in a Slip and Fall Accident

When anyone slips on a surface that does not provide enough traction, they typically fall backward. The impact of this type of fall is usually the buttocks, back, and sometimes the head. In contrast, they almost fall forward when one trips and try to break the fall with their hands. 

The following are injuries that may result from falling due to slips or falls:

  • Fractured tailbone
  • Fractures or sprains to the hand or wrist
  • Kneecap fractures
  • Sprains and/or fractures to the foot or ankle
  • Concussion and head trauma
  • Facial injuries

The kind and severity of injuries that a person may sustain when they fall differ with the circumstances surrounding the event (such as the hardness of the surface) and personal characteristics (such as their health). Seniors are more likely to sustain broken bones in a fall than a younger person, as well as injuries to the face if they are unable to put their hands out in a time when they trip. 

The new Ontario law requires people to notify the occupier of icy steps, walkways, and laneways quicker after a slip and fall accident. Make sure to call a personal injury lawyer from Diamond and Diamond Law to learn about your rights in a slip and fall accident.  

Hire A Personal Injury Lawyer to Help You

A slip and fall accident is a serious case. It is crucial to seek advice from a personal injury lawyer as soon as possible. The success of your case depends on the precise identification of the circumstances that caused your fall. 

A lawyer has a in-depth understanding and knowledge of the laws of limitation periods and can help you navigate the legal process to ensure that time limitations do not act as a barrier to your access to compensation

You deserve peace of mind and focus on your total recovery when you let a personal injury lawyer work on your case.

pro tip icon


When you slipped, seek medical attention immediately. A minor slip may cause severe damage when left unattended. ”    

Slips and Falls FAQs

What proof is needed to win a slip and fall case?

There are certain proofs that are needed to win a slip and fall case. The first one is the medical results from your doctor that would prove the injuries sustained are from the slip and fall accident. Photos or surveillance videos from the scene of the accident are also beneficial for your case. Lastly, statements from the witnesses that can help eliminate the possibility of negligent or careless behavior on your part as a victim. 

What to do if you slip and fall in a store?

Stores have the responsibility to keep every customer safe from the dangerous conditions on their property. In case you slipped, or fell in a store, call an ambulance and seek medical attention immediately. Then, file for an incident report. Most importantly, call your personal injury lawyer.

How long do slip and fall cases take to settle?

There is no definite time per se how long slip and fall cases take to settle. It may reach a few months, but there are some instances that settlements would make it all the way to trial because of some factors like the nature and extent of injuries suffered by the victim. 

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