What Are Pecuniary and Non-Pecuniary Damages? - Diamond & Diamond

What Are Pecuniary and Non-Pecuniary Damages?

In a civil lawsuit, there are several types of damages that the claimant may seek. One of these is compensatory damages, and compensatory damages can be further categorized into pecuniary damages and non-pecuniary damages. The following will look at compensatory damages, define pecuniary damages and give a non-pecuniary damages definition.

Definition of Compensatory Damages

Compensatory damages are damages that occur as a direct result of the injury sustained by a claimant who’s filing a civil suit. “Injury” in this sense doesn’t necessarily mean bodily injury, but can also include property damage, lost opportunity or many other losses. The common trait is that they’re all directly linked to the incident in question.

Compensatory damages are distinct from nominal damages (which are valid but difficult to value) and punitive damages (which intend to punish the wrongdoer and discourage a similar incident in the future).

Both pecuniary damages and non-pecuniary damages are types of compensatory damages.

Define Pecuniary Damages

Pecuniary damages are simply quantifiable compensatory damages. They can be measured in financial terms, and they’re included in most civil lawsuits. Some examples of pecuniary damages include:

  • Medical Costs, which may include ambulance bills, hospital bills, doctors’ bills medication expenses, etc.
  • Lost Wages, which usually include income that’s lost because the claimant can’t work as a result of the incident in question
  • Future Care Costs, which may be a concern if an injury results in long-term care needs
  • Physical Damage, which may include damage to any property owned by the claimant

In short, any expense that directly linked to the incident in question and clearly quantifiable can be included when defining pecuniary damages.

Non-Pecuniary Damages Definition

Non-pecuniary damages are compensatory damages that can’t be clearly quantified in monetary terms. They tend to be difficult to measure because they’re more subjective and not straightforward costs. Some examples of these damages are:

  • Pain and Suffering, which may be awarded if the claimant experiences serious pain and/or suffering because of the incident
  • Emotional Distress, which may be awarded if the claimant experiences depression, anxiety or other emotional harm because of the incident
  • Impairment of Life, which may be awarded if the claimant experiences a long-term reduction in their quality of life because of the incident
  • Impairment of Relationships, which may be awarded if the claimant’s relationships with family, friends, colleagues or others deteriorate because of the incident
  • Impairment of Mental Abilities, which may be awarded if the claimant’s mental capabilities are reduced by the incident
  • Impairment of Physical Abilities, which may be awarded if the claimant’s physical capabilities are reduced by the incident
  • Loss of Future Wages, which may be awarded if the claimant’s ability to work in the future is diminished by the incident

Any other damage that’s incurred because of the incident and not easily measured might also be included in a non-pecuniary damages definition.

Have a Lawyer Help You Determine Damages

Because the damages that can be sought during a civil lawsuit are numerous and categorized into several groups, you shouldn’t try to determine damages on your own. If you have a civil lawsuit, let a lawyer help you determine what are appropriate damages to seek.


What categories of pecuniary damages is the plaintiff entitled to receive?

Damages are a form of civil judiciary remedy that is used to financially compensate a person or party for injuries caused by the wrongful act of another person resulting in injury, loss or damage to that person’s rights or property. On the other hand, damages are given to a plaintiff for the loss caused by m the defendant’s conduct. It is given to provide remedy for breach of contract in a partnership. Additionally, they can also be used to punish rogue conduct and prevent any future misconduct. Plaintiffs are entitled to a certain percentage of the total amount of money given for settlement.

What are the two types of compensatory damages?

There are two types of compensatory damages — general and actual. Actual damages to begin with, are meant to provide funds to replace what has been lost. They are monies sued for the damage caused and are limited to the extent and cost of the loss or injury. For instance, if an individual proves that there was emotional distress caused by the loss or injury, compensatory damages given may cover up to sleep loss, therapy costs as well as days of work missed. Actual compensatory damages are those that are given to cover the entire damage. They don’t cover only specific damages like general damage settlements.

What is an example of compensatory damages?

There are some differences between compensatory damages and punitive damages. They may compensate above and over any form of damage and loss incurred and meant to give a warning against repeating such acts that caused the complaints loss or damage. Examples of actual compensatory damages include: medical treatments, medical and hospital bills, rehabilitation expenses, physical therapy, ambulance expenses, nursing home care, domestic violence as well as medical equipment. These are the kind of compensatory damages that could lead to full compensation and serious cases against the defendant.

Leave a Reply


Get the help you deserve


Call NOW for a free consultation


Diamond & Diamond Ontario Head Office

255 Consumers Road, 5th Floor, Toronto, Ontario

>> Learn More

Diamond & Diamond Alberta Head Office

4246 97 Street NW, Unit 103, Edmonton, Alberta

>> Learn More

Diamond & Diamond British Columbia Head Office

1727 West Broadway, Suite 400, Vancouver, British Columbia

>> Learn More


168 Bayfield Street


1331 Macleod Trail SE, Suite 645


4246 97 Street NW, Unit 103


1701 Hollis St


256 Pall Mall St, Suite 102


50 Richmond Street E, Unit # 108 B


955 Green Valley Crescent, Unit 315


31 Larch Street, Unit 300


1104 – 13737 96 Ave, Surrey, BC V3V 0C6


255 Consumers Road, 5th Floor


1678 Bloor Street, Suite 302


1727 West Broadway, Suite 400


13158 Tecumseh Rd. E. Unit 3B